Why are some misdemeanor cases not assigned to a prosecutor, leaving the victim/witness without legal representation at the court hearing?

All misdemeanor cases that come into the Commonwealth's Attorney's Office are reviewed by a Deputy Commonwealth's Attorney. Due to the large volume of misdemeanor warrants received, it is not possible for the Commonwealth's Attorney's Office to be involved in every misdemeanor case. The Deputy Commonwealth's Attorney makes the decision as to whether or not our office will be involved in the case, based on the warrant and any available information. If an Assistant Commonwealth's Attorney is not assigned to the case and a private attorney is not hired to represent the defendant, the case will be heard by a trial judge. At the trial, the judge will ask you questions about the incident. If you have any additional witnesses that saw the incident or know something about the case, you will need to contact the General District or Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court Clerk's Office (depending on which court is hearing your case) to have additional witnesses subpoenaed for the trial. Do not assume that a police officer has been subpoenaed or that the officer who responded to the crime scene subpoenaed witnesses for your case. You may contact the clerk's office to make sure all necessary witnesses have been subpoenaed.

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1. What is the difference between a felony and a misdemeanor charge?
2. Why am I a witness? I didn't see the crime occur.
3. What if the defense attorney contacts me?
4. I was issued a subpoena for court. What happens if I don't show up?
5. What if my employer won't let me come to court?
6. Can I drop charges?
7. What is a preliminary hearing, and do I need to be there?
8. What is an advisement and why does the victim/witness not have to be present?
9. What is a grand jury and why does the victim/witness not need to be present?
10. Why are some misdemeanor cases not assigned to a prosecutor, leaving the victim/witness without legal representation at the court hearing?